Aufsätze Ökonomik

Aufsätze Pädagogik

Aufsätze Sozialethik


Prof. Dr. Gerhard Merk, Dipl.rer.pol., Dipl.rer.oec.

Abhandlungen über Johann Heinrich Jung-Stilling

Nachtodliche Belehrungen zur Ökonomik

Nachtodliche Belehrungen zu Persönlichkeiten

Nachtodliche Belehrungen zur Philosophie

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Consumer spending, consumption expenditure

Unless otherwise defined, the portion of gross domestic product used to purchase goods and services domestically. In the euro area – and in the U.S.A. – this share is around seventy percent of aggregate demand. – See saving, confidence indicator. – See the values in the annex “Euro area statistics,” heading “Prices, output, demand and labor markets,” subheading “Use of gross domestic product” in the respective ECB Monthly Bulletin; ECB Monthly Bulletin of July 2008, pp. 52 ff (Effects of price increases on spending behavior; overviews), ECB Monthly Bulletin of December 2008, pp. 70 ff (Consumer spending in the face of the financial crisis; overview), ECB Monthly Bulletin of July 2011, pp. 45 ff (developments in the euro area since 2004; overviews), Monthly Report of the Deutsche Bundesbank of November 2011, pp. 18 f. (private consumption in the U.S. since 1991; determinants of growth broken down), Monthly Report of the ECB of March 2012, pp. 85 ff. (consumer confidence and consumer spending in their relationship to each other; overviews; comparisons of Germany, Spain, France, Italy), Monthly Report of the Deutsche Bundesbank of April 2013, pp, 23 ff. (typical patterns of consumption in the U.S.; overviews).

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University Professor Dr. Gerhard Merk, Dipl.rer.pol., Dipl.rer.oec.
Professor Dr. Eckehard Krah, Dipl.rer.pol.
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