A register introduced at the ECB in two stages (by May 2005 and by January 2007) of assets that credit institutions may pledge to the central bank as collateral for short-term loans and assets that the ECB purchases from credit institutions in the course of liquidity-providing repurchase agreements. The single collateral list replaced the twotier collateral framework introduced in 1998. – As of the beginning of the year, commercial paper lost its status as eligible collateral. As a replacement, as it were, credit claims were recognized as eligible collateral in all countries of the European Monetary Union. – See financial collateral, IRB approach, tier one collateral, central bank eligibility, credit assessment framework, Short-Term European Papers, collateral, collateral, redistribution, central bank-influenced, bill credit. – Cf. ECB Monthly Bulletin, February 2012, p. 33 f. (expansion of the list of eligible collateral pushed through in the Governing Council).
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