Aufsätze Ökonomik

Aufsätze Pädagogik

Aufsätze Sozialethik


Prof. Dr. Gerhard Merk, Dipl.rer.pol., Dipl.rer.oec.

Abhandlungen über Johann Heinrich Jung-Stilling

Nachtodliche Belehrungen zur Ökonomik

Nachtodliche Belehrungen zu Persönlichkeiten

Nachtodliche Belehrungen zur Philosophie

Nachtodliche Belehrungen zur Theologie

Nachtodliche Belehrungen zu verschiedenen Themen


Black budget

Sums collected outside the regular accounting system (money that is secretly collected from the overall income of a country, a corporation, a society of any form, a political party or a national department). In almost every case, they are used to make expenditures without the knowledge and supervision of those authorized to do so. – As a rule, this term is also used to describe the masking of expenditure targets, especially in the case of public authorities. In Germany after 1918, for example, large sums of money were allocated from the Reich budget to reservist associations for the maintenance of traditions and for the support of comrades in need. In fact, the allocated grants were used there to purchase armaments and for weapons training abroad. In this way, the Ministry of the Army circumvented the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles (peace treaty 1919 on the end of World War I; the treaty forced Germany to disarm, make substantial territorial concessions, and pay reparations to countries that fought against Germany) as well as protests of the deputies (the widespread slogans of those years were “no re-armament,” “never again war”) in the Reichstag. – See misstatement, secret money, money-paying gesture, hand money, glove money, investment, personal, kickback, bribe, hush money, soft money, boot money, election money.

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University Professor Dr. Gerhard Merk, Dipl.rer.pol., Dipl.rer.oec.
Professor Dr. Eckehard Krah, Dipl.rer.pol.
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